4 Injuries That Are Common at the Time of Birth


When a baby is born, it brings excitement and happiness to many people. But at times, unexpected difficulties may also be experienced. Though most deliveries happen without any hitches, there are cases in which the process may become problematic, putting the life of the baby at risk of sustaining some injuries at that time. These injuries include cerebral palsy, facial paralysis, caput succedaneum, and spinal cord injuries that can have long-term effects on the growth and overall health of the next generation. Birth injury lawyers can help families navigate the complexities of such cases and seek justice for any harm caused.

This article presents the causes and symptoms of these four birth injuries and the need for early intervention and care.

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy is a neurological condition of a person’s posture, movement, and muscle tone. It results from either abnormal brain development or even damage to the developing brain; it might be acquired right before, during, or after the birth of a child. Factors like difficult labor, birth of the child before full term, or oxygen deprivation to the brain may be some of the causes of cerebral palsy.

Symptoms include rigidity of the muscles, poor coordination, and speech, swallowing, and cognitive problems. Early intervention, including physical, occupational, and speech therapy, can help manage symptoms and improve the quality of life for children with cerebral palsy.

Facial Paralysis

Facial paralysis is a condition where the muscles on one or both sides of your face become paralyzed temporarily or permanently. At birth, compression or injury to the facial nerve is responsible for partial or complete paralysis.


Symptoms can range from an inability to move one side of the face, an inability to close an eye, or drooling. However, most cases of temporary facial paralysis get better on their own within a few weeks or months, though the most severe cases may involve surgical intervention or continuing therapy to enhance muscle function and facial symmetry.

Caput Succedaneum

Caput Succedaneum is one of the most common birth injuries that results in swelling or puffiness on the scalp of a baby. This swelling occurs as a result of the pressure that occurs when the baby’s head moves down the birth canal. As much as it might look scary, caput succedaneum is normally not harmful and takes no more than a few days to completely disappear after birth without any special treatment.

However, it is good to observe the condition and seek medical attention if the swelling persists, signs of infection, or any other complications arise.

Spinal Cord Injuries

Spinal cord injuries at birth are rare, but they can have devastating consequences. These injuries occur when excessive force is applied to the baby’s neck or spine during delivery, thus causing bruising, compression, or even tearing of the cord.


Possible symptoms may occur as paralysis, loss of sensation, or disturbance of motor control in parts of the body. Medical attention and specialty care, which include surgery and rehabilitation, should be sought immediately to manage spinal cord injuries and help minimize long-term effects on the child’s development and mobility.


Childbirth is a life-transforming event, yet it is fraught with probable dangers and complications. Although cerebral palsy, facial paralysis, caput succedaneum, and spinal cord injuries are some of the disturbing injuries, early detection and the right medical care, along with suitable intervention, can greatly enhance the results and contribute to the total well-being of the child.

The knowledge of these conditions and their causes better prepares the parents for facing any challenge that may arise during the birthing process. Remember, open communication with healthcare professionals, prompt attention to any concerns, and a commitment to ongoing care and support are essential for ensuring the best possible start for your little one’s journey.